ECB Guidelines: Junior Players in Open Age Cricket
The ECB has issued guidance covering the selection and participation of young players in open age group cricket. It is designed to help clubs to decide when to select young players in open age group cricket and how best to help their cricketing development when they play within open age groups. The ECB keeps these guidelines under review and, following feedback from clubs and leagues, has revised these guidelines. The ECB will continue to monitor the impact of these guidelines and you are invited to feedback your thoughts and comments in writing to the ECB Non-First Class Cricket Department.
- Making the step up from junior to open age group cricket is a significant event in any player’s cricket experience. Ensure that the player’s safety, personal development needs and overall cricket experience are considered.
- There is no definitive age at which they should be introduced to open age group cricket but determine each case on an individual basis dependent on their ability and stage of cognitive and emotional maturity to take part at this level, however, clubs, squad coaches and managers must consider the requirements on age at point 9 of this guidance
- ECB Fast Bowling Directives and Fielding Regulations should always be adhered to for junior players in open age group cricket.
- Provide an opportunity for players to show their talents in an appropriate way. Children who are just used as fielders will not fully experience the game.
- Be supportive at all times for all forms of effort even when children are not successful. Try and put them in situations where they will experience some success (however small) and ensure plenty of praise and encouragement.
- Try and involve them in all aspects of the game wherever possible i.e. socializing, team talks, practice, decision making etc. so that they feel part of the team.
- Children will often feel more comfortable and able to perform if they have a family member or friend also playing in the side.
- Remember, children’s early experiences will remain with them always and will often determine whether they want to remain playing the game or give up and do something else!
- Players who are selected in a County U12 squad in Spring for a summer squad or in another squad deemed by ECB Performance Managers to be of a standard above ‘District level’ for that season are eligible to play Open Age Cricket. This is providing they are at least 11 years old, and in School Year 7 on 1st September in the year preceding the season and have written parental consent to play. In allowing these players to play in Open Age Cricket it is essential that Clubs and Coaches recognise the ‘Duty of Care’ obligations towards these young players. This means that County Squad and Area Squad players, both boys and girls are able to play Open Age Group Cricket if they are in U12 Age group and are a minimum of 11 years old on 1st September of the year preceding.
Code of Conduct for Juniors
Richmondshire Cricket Club is fully committed to safeguarding and promoting the wellbeing of all its members. Richmondshire Cricket Club believes that it is important that members, coaches, administrators and parents/ carers or guardians associated with the club should, at all times, show respect and understanding for the safety and welfare of others. Therefore, Juniors are encouraged to be open at all times and to share any concerns or complaints that they may have about any aspect of the club with Jim While or Dave Moffatt.
As a Junior at Richmondshire Cricket Club you are expected to abide by the following code of conduct:
- You must play within the rules and respect officials and their decisions.
- You must respect the rights, dignity and worth of all participants regardless of gender, ability, cultural background or religion.
- You should keep to agreed timings for training and competitions or inform your coach or team manager if you are going to be late.
- You must wear suitable kit - including recommended safety and protection equipment - for training and match sessions, as agreed with your coach or team manager.
- You must pay any fees for training or events promptly.
- You are not permitted to smoke on club premises or whilst representing the club at competitions.
- You are not allowed to consume alcohol or drugs of any kind on the club premises or whilst representing the club.
ECB Safety Guidance on The Wearing of Cricket Helmets by Young Players
In February 2000, the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) issued safety guidance on the wearing of helmets by young players up to the age of 18. This original guidance document can be found at www.play- cricket.com/helmets. In brief, the guidance recommends that:
- helmets with a faceguard or grille should be worn when batting against a hard cricket ball in matches and in practice sessions.
- young players should regard a helmet with a faceguard as a normal item of protective equipment when batting, together with pads, gloves and, for boys, an abdominal protector (box).
- young wicket keepers should wear a helmet with a faceguard when standing up to the stumps.
With the assistance of schools, cricket clubs and leagues, the wearing of helmets by young players is now standard practice in cricket throughout England and Wales. Helmets are widely available and are covered by a British Standard (BS7928:1998).
The original guidance allowed parents or guardians to give their written consent to allow a young player not to wear a helmet. However most clubs, schools and leagues have decided not to accept this parental consent and require all young players to wear a helmet in all junior matches. If a club or school does agree, in exceptional circumstances*, that a young player need not wear a helmet they must ensure that an ECB Team Card is completed and given to the umpires before the start of play whenever the young player takes part in a junior match.
At the beginning of 2007 the ECB clarified the guidance relating to young players in adult matches and confirmed that all young players who have not reached their 18th birthday must wear a helmet with a faceguard when batting and when standing up to the stumps when keeping wicket in adult matches. Parental consent not to wear a helmet should not be accepted in adult cricket.
This guidance applies to all players up to the age of 18, both in adult cricket and in all junior cricket played with a hard cricket ball. The guidance also applies during all practice sessions. Any individual taking responsibility for players should take all reasonable steps to ensure that this guidance is followed at all times.
The ECB asks that the guidance is communicated to the parents or guardians of all young players through clubs and schools, and that young players are not allowed to bat or stand up to the stumps when keeping wicket against a hard ball without wearing ahelmet.
ECB Regulations: Minimum Fielding Distances for Young Players
- No young player in the Under 15 age group or younger shall be allowed to field closer than 8 yards (7.3 metres) from the middle stump, except behind the wicket on the off side, until the batsman has played at the ball.
- For players in the Under 13 age group and below the distance is 11 yards (10 metres). These minimum distances apply even if the player is wearing a helmet.
- Should a young player in these age groups come within the restricted distance the umpire must stop the game immediately and instruct the fielder to move back.
- In addition any young player in the Under 16 to Under 18 age groups, who has not reached the age of 18, must wear a helmet and, for boys, an abdominal protector (box) when fielding within 6 yards (5.5 metres) of the bat, except behind the wicket on the off side. Players should wear appropriate protective equipment whenever they are fielding in a position where they feel at risk.
- These fielding regulations are applicable to all cricket in England and Wales. Age groups are based on the age of the player at midnight on 31st August in the year preceding the current season.
ECB Fast Bowling Match Directives
- Up to U13: 5 overs per spell, 10 overs per day
- U14, U15: 6 overs per spell, 12 overs per day
- U16, U17, U18, U19: 7 overs per spell, 18 overs per day
Clarification (of sorts):
- For the purpose of these Directives a fast bowler is defined as a bowler to whom a wicket keeper in the same age group would in normal circumstances stand back to take the ball.
- Having completed a spell the bowler cannot bowl again, from either end, until the equivalent number of overs to the length of his or her* spell have been bowled from the same end.
- A bowler can change ends without ending his current spell provided that he bowls the next over that he legally can from the other end. If this does not happen his spell is deemed to be concluded.
- If play is interrupted, for any reason, for less than 40 minutes any spell in progress at the time of the interruption can be continued after the interruption up to the maximum number of overs per spell for the appropriate age group.
- If the spell is not continued after the interruption the bowler cannot bowl again, from either end, until the equivalent number of overs to the length of his spell before the interruption have been bowled from the same end.
- If the interruption is of 40 minutes or more, whether scheduled or not, the bowler can commence a new spell immediately.
- Once a bowler covered by these Directives has bowled in a match he cannot exceed the maximum number overs per day for his age group even if he subsequently bowls spin. He can exceed the maximum overs per spell if bowling spin, but cannot then revert to bowling fast until an equivalent number of overs to the length of his spell have been bowled from the same end.
- If he bowls spin without exceeding the maximum number of overs in a spell the maximum will apply as soon as he reverts to bowling fast.
- Captains, Team Managers and Umpires are asked to ensure that these Directives are followed at all times.
- For guidance, it is recommended that in any 7 day period a fast bowler should not bowl more than 4 days in that period and for a maximum of 2 days in a row.
Kevin Shine, ECB lead fast bowling coach, said:
“The elite fast bowling group has been researching injury prevention, performance enhancement and workloads for the past four years. The new recommendations mean youngsters under the age of 15 can now bowl an additional over in a spell and two overs more in a day. These figures are over and above the original directives. It is clear that our young bowlers need to bowl more so that they can develop match winning abilities and habits and I look forward to the revised directives giving individual fast bowlers and teams more of a chance to play match winning cricket.”
*Any reference to he/his should be interpreted to include she/her.
ECB Code of Conduct and Spirit of Cricket
- The ECB is committed to maintaining the highest standards of behaviour and conduct. This Code of Conduct incorporates the Spirit of Cricket, as set out below. It applies to all matches played under the auspices of the ECB and may be applied to cricket in general.
- The captains are responsible at all times for ensuring that play is conducted within the Spirit of Cricket as well as within the Laws.
- Players and team officials must at all times accept the umpire’s decision. Players must not show dissent at the umpire’s decision or react in a provocative or disapproving manner towards an umpire at any time.
- Players and team officials shall not intimidate, assault or attempt to intimidate or assault an umpire, another player or a spectator.
- Players and team officials shall not use crude and/or abusive language (known as “sledging”) nor make offensive gestures or hand signals nor deliberately distract an opponent.
- Players and team officials shall not make racially abusive comments nor indulge in racially abusive actions against fellow players, officials, members and supporters. Clubs must operate an active open door membership policy whilst respecting player qualification regulations and welcome players/members irrespective of ethnic origin.
- Players and team officials shall not use or in any way be concerned in the use or distribution of illegal drugs.
- Clubs must take adequate steps to ensure the good behaviour of their members and supporters towards players and umpires.
The Spirit of Cricket
Cricket is a game that owes much of its unique appeal to the fact that it should be played not only within its Laws, but also within the Spirit of the Game. Any action which is seen to abuse this spirit causes injury to the game itself. The major responsibility for ensuring the spirit of fair play rests with the captains.
- There are two Laws which place the responsibility for the team’s conduct firmly on the captain. The captains are responsible at all times for ensuring that play is conducted within the Spirit of the Game as well as within the Laws. In the event that any player failing to comply with instructions by an umpire, or criticising by word or action the decisions of an umpire, or showing dissent, or generally behaving in a manner which might bring the game into disrepute, the umpire concerned shall in the first place report the matter to the other umpire and to the player’s captain, and instruct the latter to take action.
- Fair and unfair play: According to the Laws the umpires are the sole judges of fair and unfair play. The umpires may intervene at any time and it is the responsibility of the captain to take action where required.
- The umpires are authorised to intervene in cases of:
- Time wasting
- Damaging the pitch
- Dangerous or unfair bowling
- Tampering with the ball
- Any other action that they consider to be unfair
- The Spirit of the Game involves RESPECT for:
- Your opponents
- Your own captain and team
- The role of the umpires
- The game’s traditional values
- It is against the Spirit of the Game:
- To dispute an umpire’s decision by word, action or gesture
- To direct abusive language towards an opponent or umpire
- To indulge in cheating or any sharp practice, for instance:
- to appeal knowing that the batsman is not out.
- to advance towards an umpire in an aggressive manner when appealing.
- to seek to distract an opponent either verbally or by harassment with persistent clapping or unnecessary noise under the guise of enthusiasm and motivation of one’s own side.
- Violence: There is no place for any act of violence on the field of play.
- Players: Captains and umpires together set the tone for the conduct of a cricket match. Every player is expected to make an important contribution to this.
Code of Conduct for Richmondshire Cricket Club Members and Guests
All Members and Guests of Richmondshire Cricket Club will:
- Respect the rights, dignity and worth of every person within the context of Cricket.
- Treat everyone equally and not discriminate on the grounds of age, gender, disability, race, ethnic origin, nationality, colour, parental or marital status, religious belief, class or social background, sexual preference or political belief.
- Not condone, or allow to go unchallenged, any form of discrimination if witnessed.
- Display high standards of behaviour.
- Promote the positive aspects of Cricket, for example fair play.
- Encourage all participants to learn the Laws and rules and play within them, respecting the decisions of match officials.
- Actively discourage unfair play, rule violations and arguing with match officials.
- Recognise good performance not just match results.
- Place the well-being and safety of Young People above the development of performance.
- Ensure that activities are appropriate for the age, maturity, experience and ability of the individual.
- Respect Young People’s opinions when making decisions about their participation in Cricket.
- Not smoke, drink or use banned substances whilst actively working with Young People in the Club.
- Not provide Young People with alcohol when they are under the care of the Club.
- Follow ECB guidelines set out in the “Safe Hands – Cricket’s Policy for Safeguarding Children” and any other relevant guidelines issued.
- Report any concerns in relation to a Young Person, following reporting procedures laid down by the ECB.
- In addition to the above, all Club Officers and Appointed Volunteers will:
- Hold relevant qualifications and be covered by appropriate insurance.
- Always work in an open environment, avoiding private or unobserved situations and encouraging an open environment.
- Inform Players and Parents of the requirements of Cricket.
- Know and understand the ECB’s ‘Safe Hands – Cricket’s Policy for Safeguarding Children’.
ECB Cricket Equity Policy
Richmondshire Cricket Club adheres to the principles and guidelines of the ECB Equity policy, as reproduced here.
1. Statement of Intent
1.1 The ECB is fully committed to the principles of equality of opportunity and aims to ensure that no individual receives less favourable treatment on the grounds of age, gender, disability, race, ethnic origin, nationality, colour, parental or marital status, pregnancy, religious belief, class or social background, sexual preference or political belief. Thisincludesjobapplicants, employees, participants, volunteers and spectators.
1.2 The ECB will ensure that there will be open access to all those who wish to participate in all aspects of cricket and that they are treated fairly.
1.3 The ECB specifically supports initiatives by other organisations within cricket which recognise the principles of equality of opportunity and treatment such as the International Cricket Council Anti-Racism Policy and the Professional Cricketers Association’s Racism Awareness Campaign.
2. Purpose of the Policy
2.1 The ECB recognises that certain sections of the community may have been affected by past discrimination and may have felt denied the opportunity to participate equally and fully in sport at all levels.
2.2 This policy has been produced to prevent/tackle any potential/current discrimination or other unfair treatment, whether intentional or unintentional, direct or indirect, against its employees, members and volunteers.
2.3 This policy is applicable to the game of cricket at all levels and in all roles.
3.1 The ECB will produce and maintain an action plan to ensure the intent of this policy is delivered.
3.2 All areas of the organisation will be affected by this action plan, which will be incorporated into the overall business plan.
3.3 The ECB recognises that, in some cases, to achieve the principle of equality, unequal effort is required and, if appropriate, will consider positive action to tackle under representation.
4. Legal Requirements
4.1 The ECB recognises its legal obligations under, and will abide by the requirements of, the following:
• Equal Pay Act 1970
• Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974 (and Exemptions Order 1975)
• Sex Discrimination Acts 1975, 1986 & 1999 • Race Relations Act 1976 and the Race Relations Amendment Act 2000
• Children Act 1989 and 2004
• Disability Discrimination Act 1995
• Data Protection Act 1998
• Human Rights Act 1998
• Criminal Justice and Court Services Act 2000
• Employment Equality (Sexual Orientation) Regulations 2003
• Employment Equality (Religion and Belief) Regulations 2003
• Employment Equality (Age) Regulations2006
This includes any later amendments to the above Acts and Regulations, or future Acts or Regulations that are relevant to the ECB.
4.2 The ECB will seek legal advice each time the policy is reviewed to ensure it continues to comply with all legislation requirements.
5. Discrimination, Harassment and Victimisation
5.1 Discrimination can take the following forms:
5.1.1 Direct Discrimination. This means treating someone less favourably than you would treat others in the same circumstances.
5.1.2 Indirect Discrimination. This occurs when a job requirement or condition is applied equally to all, which has a disproportionate and detrimental affect on one sector of society, because fewer from that sector can comply with it and the requirement cannot be justified in relation to the job.
5.2 Harassment is described as inappropriate actions, behaviour, comments or physical contact that is objectionable or causes offence to the recipient. It may be directed towards people because of their gender, appearance, race, colour, ethnic origin, nationality, age, sexual preference, a disability or some other characteristic.
The ECB is committed to ensuring that its employees, members, participants and volunteers are able to conduct their activities free from harassment or intimidation.
5.3 Victimisation is defined as when someone is treated less favourably than others because he or she has taken action against the ECB under one of the relevant Acts / Regulations (as previously outlined) or provided information about discrimination, harassment or inappropriate behaviour.
5.4 The ECB regards discrimination, harassment or victimisation, as described above, as serious misconduct and any employee, volunteer or participant who discriminates against, harasses or victimises any other person will be liable to appropriate disciplinary action.
6. Responsibility, Implementation and Communication
6.1 The following responsibilities will apply:
6.1.1 The Board is responsible for ensuring that this Equity Policy is followed and to deal with any actual or potential breaches.
6.1.2 The Chief Executive has the overall responsibility for the implementation of the EquityPolicy.
6.1.3 A specific member of staff, designated by the Chief Executive, has the overall responsibility for achieving the equity action plan as this will form part of their work programme.
6.1.4 All employees, volunteers and members have responsibilities to respect, act in accordance with and thereby support and promote the spirit and intentions of the policy and, where appropriate, individual work programmes will be amended to include equity relatedtasks.
6.2 The new policy will be implemented immediately following Board agreement and, at a corporate level, will result in the following:
6.2.1 A copy of this document will be available to all staff (both permanent and contract), members and volunteers of the ECB.
6.2.2 The ECB will take measures to ensure that its employment practices arenon-discriminatory.
6.2.3 No job applicant will be placed at a disadvantage by requirements or conditions which are not necessary to the performance of the job or which constitute unfairdiscrimination.
6.2.4 A planned approach will be adopted to eliminate barriers which discriminate. The ECB will ensure that best practice is extensively promoted and will expect that clubs and members will follow guidelines that are set down.
6.2.5 Ensure that consultants and advisers used by the ECB can demonstrate their commitment to the principles and practice of equity and that they abide by thispolicy.
6.2.6 The ECB will require all affiliated organisations to adopt this policy or ensure that current equity policies have the same stated intent as the ECB cricketpolicy.
6.3 The new policy will be communicated in the following ways:
6.3.1 It will be part of the staff handbook and reference will be made to it in any codes of conduct.
6.3.2 It will be covered in all staff and volunteer induction training .
6.3.3 All participants will be made aware of the policy’s existence through the ECB website and a summary of any revisions will also be published therewww.ecb.co.uk.
6.3.4 At time of review, a mechanism will be put in place to allow all staff, members, participants and volunteers to be part of the process.
7. Monitoring and Evaluation
7.1 This policy will be reviewed annually and changes made if required.
7.2 The equity action plan, created to ensure the intent of the policy is delivered, will be reviewed by the Chief Executive and the member of staff with the responsibility for its implementation, on a quarterly basis.
7.3 As part of the overall business delivery plan, the equity action plan will be reviewed by the Board on an annual basis.
7.4 On an annual basis, statistical information will be produced by the Chief Executive for the Board, and will be published internally and externally, to show the impact of this policy.
8. Disciplinary and Grievance Procedures
8.1 To safeguard individual rights under the policy, an employee, volunteer or participant who believes he/ she has suffered inequitable treatment within the scope of the policy may raise the matter through the appropriate grievance procedure.
8.2 Appropriate disciplinary action will be taken against any employee, volunteer or participant who violates the ECB’s Equity Policy.
8.3 An individual may raise any grievance and no employee, volunteer or participant will be penalised for doing so unless it is without foundation and not made in good faith.
RCC Guidelines for Dealing with An Accident
• Quaker Lane Surgery (100 metres east of the cricket field) 01748850440
• Friary Hospital (50 metres east of the cricket field) 01748822306
• Stay calm but act swiftly and observe the situation. Is there danger of further injury?
• Listen to what the injured person is saying.
• Alert a qualified First Aider who should take appropriate action for minor injuries.
• In the event of an injury requiring specialist treatment, call the emergency services on 999.
• The telephone number for NHS Advice is 111.
• Deal with the rest of the group and ensure that they are adequately supervised and safe.
• Do not move someone with major injuries. Wait for the emergency medics.
• Contact the injured person’s parent, carer or guardian.
• Complete an Incident/Accident Report Form (available in the clubhouse) and deliver to an Officer of the Club.